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More about Domain Names.
Domain names create an online identity to make it easier for people to find your website while reserving the online rights to your company/organisation name. When a domain name is purchased such as mybusiness.co.nz, the rights are reserved to have mybusiness.co.nz in an email or website format - such as email@example.com and www.mybusiness.co.nz. Domain names can be purchased as a individually or with business mail and/or web hosting.
Every time you use a domain name, the internet's Domain Name Servers (DNS) translate the domain name (as you read it) into an IP address (as read by computers). As far as the internet is concerned, an IP address is all that you need to talk to a server. For example, you can type in your browser telecom.co.nz or http://126.96.36.199 and you will arrive at the Telecom webpage.
Domain names are simply a user friendly way to display the information, Domain names;
The Domain Manager can be used to make a number of changes to your domain name settings, and you can log into Domain Manager using your User ID and Password. For example, Domain Manager can be used to redirect your domain name to another URL, 'point' your email and your domain name to your current web host, or update your contact details.
To cancel a domain name, call 0800 BUSINESS (0800 28 74 63) for assistance. Telecom can only cancel domain names if the registrant (you) explicitly asks us to, or the renewal fees due on your account haven't been paid, or if compelled by a legal authority, e.g. by a Court Order.
To transfer a domain name to Telecom you need:
When I transfer in, what is the period of my registration?
We automatically sign you up for one year when you transfer in. This is on top of anything you have paid your last domain name provider. For example, if you have paid another domain name provider up until 2012 and transfers in to Telecom, we then sign you up for an additional year, until 2013.
When can I transfer my Domain to another provider?
Yes, you can transfer your Domain Name registration to another provider at any time after the minimum registration period.
|Type of Domain Name||Minimum registration period - days from first registration|
|NZ domains (.nz)||5 days|
|International domains||60 days|
Is there a fee for a domain transfer when there is no contract?
No. You pay for the Domain Name Registration one-off annual fee up front (1 year minimum term for most and some has mandatory 2 year minimum term). Note: The Registrar (DNCL and MIT) have fees/charges set for minimum term.
|UDAI||With each domain name you register, you are provided with a UDAI (Unique Domain Authentication Identifier). This code is used to validate that you are the actual owner of the domain, and so it is important that you retain this information and keep it in a safe place.The UDAI is used if you wish to change any details relating to the domain, such as name holder details and contacts, or to transfer the domain to another provider. Note that in the US they call this an Auth Code or EPP code.|
|WHOIS||The database of all domain name Registrars (owners). WHOIS contains information about the Domain Name, name servers, registrants, and registration dates.|
|gTLD (generic top-level domain)||The overall title given to the extensions on domain names, such as .com, .nz and .edu. You can see a list of the existing gTLDs at http://www.iana.org/domains/root/db/.|
|Domain name pointing||The process of assigning an IP address to a domain name. In practical terms this link your Domain to your web site. If you have previously purchased a domain name from another domain name provider or registrar other than Telecom, and you would like to use it for your Telecom Hosted web site then it needs to be transferred across to Telecom or pointed in. This process points your domain name to the IP address of the server that is hosting your Telecom website.|
|DNS (Domain Name Service)||Essentially a huge distributed database that stores information on how to find a domain name and its allocated resources on the internet. A DNS serves as a phone book for the Internet by translating human-friendly computer hostnames into IP addresses. For example, www.example.com translates to 188.8.131.52.|
|Zone file||A text file that contains all the information about a domain, and lives on the server that administers the site. The zone file contains a number of resource records (RR), which define the mappings between the domain name and other resources:
|Time to Live (TTL)||These are set by an authoritative name server for a particular resource record. TTLs specify the length of time (in seconds) that an authoritative record is valid.
Shorter TTLs can cause heavier loads on an authoritative name server, but they can be useful when changing the address of critical services like web servers or MX records. They are often lowered by the DNS administrator prior to a service being moved, in order to minimise disruptions.
The units used are seconds. A common TTL value for DNS is 86,400 seconds (24 hours). A TTL value of 86,400 would mean if a DNS record was changed, DNS servers around the world could still be showing the old value from their cache for up to 24 hours after the change.
|A record||An A record is a forward DNS entry that is most commonly used to map hostnames to an IP address of the hosts.|
|CNAME||CNAME is an alias of one name to another: the 'DNS lookup' will continue after querying the SOA zone, by retrying the lookup with the new name.|
|MX Record||A MX (Mail Exchange) record maps a domain name to a list of mail exchange servers for that domain.|
|Sub Domain (4th Level Domain)||
Essentially a domain name with a domain. More records can be associated to it than an A Record. There are two reasons why you would use a Sub Domain:
|IP address||A series of numbers used to identify a location such as a web site on the internet. It is easier to remember a domain name (like www.telecom.co.nz) rather than a long IP address like 184.108.40.206; however, computers use IP addresses to access websites. To ensure that your browser can find the correct website when you enter www.yourdomain.co.nz your domain name needs to be 'pointed' to the IP address of the server that is hosting your website.|
|Domain name level||A top level domain name is the extension that follows the full stop in a domain name - .com, and co.nz are top level domain names. The name that precedes the full stop is the second level domain name - in telecom.co.nz the word telecom is the 2nd level domain name. A third level is sometimes present by preceding the 2nd level name - sales.telecom.co.nz contains sales as a third level domain name.|
|Domain name roles||
When a customer buys a domain name, three basic things are created to identify who the domain belongs to and who looks after it: